Download Ebook Origin of Species : By Means of Natural Selection PDF/Epub by Charles Darwin for free
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The author of the book: Charles Darwin
Edition: Prometheus Books
Date of issue: 01 May 1991
Format files: Epub, PDF
The size of the: 6.95 MB
City - Country: Amherst, United States
Full description of the book "Origin of Species : By Means of Natural Selection":Perhaps the most readable and accessible of the great works of scientific imagination, The Origin of Species sold out on the day it was published in 1859. Theologians quickly labeled Charles Darwin the most dangerous man in England, and, as the Saturday Review noted, the uproar over the book quickly "passed beyond the bounds of the study and lecture-room into the drawing-room and the public street." Yet, after reading it, Darwin's friend and colleague T. H. Huxley had a different reaction: "How extremely stupid not to have thought of that." Based largely on Darwin's experience as a PDF naturalist while on a five-year voyage aboard H.M.S. Beagle, The Origin of Species set forth a theory of evolution and natural selection that challenged contemporary beliefs about divine providence and the immutability of species. A landmark con- tribution to philosophical and scientific thought, this edition also includes an introductory historical sketch and a glossary Darwin later added to the original text. Charles Darwin grew up considered, by his own account, "a very ordinary boy, rather below the common standard of intellect." A quirk of fate kept him from the career his father had deemed appro- priate--that ePub of a country parson--when a botanist recommended Darwin for an appointment as a naturalist aboard H.M.S. Beagle from 1831 to 1836. Darwin is also the author of the five-volume work Zoology of the Voyage of the Beagle (1839) and The Descent of Man (1871).
About the author Charles DarwinCHARLES DARWIN was born in Shrewsbury, England, on February 12, 1809, to a wealthy and distinguished family: his father, Charles Waring Darwin, was a noted physician; his paternal grandfather, Erasmus Darwin, was a physician, poet, and radical freethinker; and his mother, Susannah Wedgwood, was the daughter of the potter Josiah Wedgwood. Charles attended school in Shrewsbury, where he showed no special distinction, from 1818 to 1825. In 1827 he entered Christ's College, Cambridge, to study for holy orders, but soon abandoned all thought of this to pursue his interest in natural history. After completing his degree in 1831, Darwin embarked on a five-year global expedition aboard the H.M.S. Beagle. This voyage gave the young scientist an opportunity to observe nature at first hand and to gather material that would form the basis of his later work. Following his return to England, Darwin married his cousin Emma Wedgwood. They settled at Downe, in Kent, where Darwin lived and worked for the remainder of his life. There he pursued the research that would lead to the groundbreaking theory of evolution. Darwin was profoundly influenced by a reading of Thomas Malthus's On Population, which argued that the human birthrate was held in check by the limited availability of food. Applying Malthus's model to the animal kingdom, Darwin hypothesized that, since the animal population cannot increase its food supply, the more well-adapted will survive and produce offspring, while the less well-adapted will necessarily be eliminated. The offspring of the hardy will inherit their parents' healthy traits and in turn produce better offspring; hence each succeeding generation will become more suitably adapted to its environment, leaving the less hardy competitors to die off. In 1859 Darwin published his theories in what he called an "abstract" titled On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. In it he demonstrated that evolution was an automatic process excluding all divine agencies, and that man had evolved by natural processes. Darwin's book created a sensation and set off a storm of controversy. But while denounced by theologians and even many scientists, Darwin's ideas won wide acceptance among more progressive thinkers. His work exerted a major influence on the development of biology; likewise on research in morphology, paleontology, and embryology. Following the publication of On the Origin of Species, Darwin continued to devote himself to his studies of animals and plants, and human evolution. Charles Darwin died on April 19, 1882, at Downe. Darwin's other published work includes Journal of Researches into the Geology and Natural History of the Various Countries Visited by the H.M.S. Beagle, 1832-36 (1839); Structure and Distribution of Coral Reefs (1842); Geological Observations on South America (1846); The Variation of Plants and Animals under Domestication (1868); and The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex (1871).
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